History: from the past to the future


The history of Pirogov Russian National Research Medical University is а reflection of all complicated processes that were taking place in the Russian society trough late 19th, 20th and early 21st centuries.

The university history of the RSMU began in 1906 when a medical faculty was opened as a part of Moscow Higher Women’s Courses. The idea of organizing the medical faculty of the Moscow higher women's courses opened up new prospects for attracting women to higher education, when in the country there is a need for medical professionals.

First lecture was delivered on September 26, 1906, first graduation was in spring 1912. The course was incredibly popular. Thus, in 1906 medical faculty audience numbered to 206 people, in 1907–1908 years this number increased to 285 people. The entrance competition equaled 8.5 people per position. By the beginning of 1917 the medical faculty of the Courses studied 1060 students.

Revolutionary events of 1917 gave an incentive to a new wave in the history of the high school in whole and Higher Medical Course for Women in particular. In 1918, the Courses were reorganized to the Second Moscow State University (2nd MSU) which was an educational institution with blended learning.

In 1930, 2nd MSU was reorganized to three independent higher medical educational institutions including the 2nd Moscow State Medical Institute (2nd MSMI) – the 2nd Moscow Order of Lenin State Medical Institute named after N.I. Pirogov (2nd MOLSMI). Since 1991 the Russian State Medical University has been the successor of the 2nd MOLSMI named after N.I. Pirogov.

The 20th century was marked by alteration of the leading principles of the organization of public health care systems. Under the given circumstances, medical education and medical educational institutions had to develop dynamically and possess certain material and personnel resources, which would provide the possibility to respond quickly to the demands of the practical health care. The 2nd MSMI-RSMU held a leading position in the national system of medical education all the time throughout its history. Its distinctive feature has always been an important relation to the vital needs of practical medicine and biomedical science.

In 1930 the 2nd MSMI created the world's first pediatric department, which served as a model for similar departments in other universities around the world. In 1963, during the period of active space exploration and development of new branches of science, 2nd MSMI opened the first biomedical faculty in the world, which started to train specialists in the field of biophysics, biochemistry and medical cybernetics. Graduates work in leading scientific and medical research centers in Russia and many countries of the world, including the countries of the European Union and the United States of America.

In 1957, the Presidium of the Supreme Soviet of the RSFSR, decided to assign to the Institute the name of the outstanding Russian surgeon and anatomist N. I. Pirogov. In 1966 it was awarded the highest Soviet award - the Order of Lenin.

An important event happened in 1991, when the 2nd MSMI received the status of the first medical University in the history of domestic medicine. The University confirms this status for over 25 years. Throughout its great history the University effectively solves the tasks assigned to him by the founder and government.

During its existence the University has trained more than 70,000 doctors who fulfilled and continue to fulfill their professional duty in all parts of Russia and abroad. The achievements of the RSMU are a contribution of several generations of professors, lecturers, researchers, students, administrative and management personnel. The aim of the University now and in future is to be a worthy successor of the honor and glory of the previous generations and to continue and strengthen the University’s good traditions.

The main task of the RSMU is to train doctors, specialists whose duty is to protect, preserve and multiply the health of the nation.

The main objective of the University is the training of doctors, highly qualified specialists, whose duty is to protect, preserve and enhance people's health. Structurally the University includes 8 academic departments, 4 research Institute and three multi-profile medical research centers. 

The University is closely linked to practical public health. It has bases in major urban hospitals, dispensaries and maternity homes. They are all equipped with modern medical equipment. Future doctors get hands-on clinical experience at these medical centers under the guidance of experienced teachers.

All these allow us to provide multi-level training of doctors and scientists in the field of medicine and biomedicine, including training of English speaking students.